We talk a lot about jobs these days – whether they are in regards to the GM factory in Ontario or the oil patch in the west. But just what do we know about the broader category we call jobs? That prompted StatsCan to look at changes in job markets in the past four decades.
They started collecting this data in 1980. And when looking at 2018, we find the number of full-time jobs went down on a percentage basis. All the reduction is attributed to men. Permanent job numbers as a percentage of the overall workforce went down – also affecting only men.
The number unionized workers fell from 38 per cent of the workforce to 28 per cent, a signal that unionization is steadily losing favour in the private sector. Again, the reduction was all attributed to men.
And pensions have become less popular and they’ve changed. Forty-five per cent of workers were enrolled in a Registered Pension Plan. Today, that’s 38 per cent and, once again, there are fewer men in this category. However, the number of women rose. We’ve also seen the number of men in defined benefit plans fall in favour of defined contribution pensions.